Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food for the consumption of humans and animals. Processing of food leads to the preservation of food, enhances its flavor and reduces the toxins in the food product. It leads to better distributional efficiency and helps in the easy marketing of the food product. Extra nutrients can also be added while processing the food and processed food is less susceptible to spoilage. The rising consumerism in the societies of developed and developing countries has contributed to the growth of food processing with techniques such as spray drying, juice concentrates, freeze-drying and the introduction of artificial sweeteners, colorants, and preservatives. In India, Food Processing industry is gaining momentum as the consumer food industry which includes pasta, bread, cakes, pastries, corn flakes, ready to eat and ready to cook products, cocoa products, biscuits, soft drinks, beer, alcoholic beverages, mineral and packaged water and segment of consumer foods, is seeing an upward trend.
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